Huntsville, AL

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
493,980
2.2% 1-year growth
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
US Senator
Katie Britt
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
38.9
0.256% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
10.8%
2.11% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$78,521
10.5% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$240,400
20.8% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
241,012
3.15% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Huntsville, AL had a population of 494k people with a median age of 38.9 and a median household income of $78,521. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Huntsville, AL grew from 483,366 to 493,980, a 2.2% increase and its median household income grew from $71,057 to $78,521, a 10.5% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Huntsville, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (65.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (21.9%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.75%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.31%), and White (Hispanic) (1.96%).

None of the households in Huntsville, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.5% of the residents in Huntsville, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Huntsville, AL are John C Calhoun State Community College (3,268 degrees awarded in 2022), University of Alabama in Huntsville (2,371 degrees), and Athens State University (842 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Huntsville, AL was $240,400, and the homeownership rate was 69.9%.

Most people in Huntsville, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Huntsville, AL was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Big Spring International Park

Population & Diversity

Huntsville, AL is home to a population of 494k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2022, 5.14% of Huntsville, AL residents were born outside of the country (25.4k people).

In 2022, there were 3.01 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (325k people) in Huntsville, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 108k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 18.5k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97.5%
2022 Citizenship
97.6%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97.5% of Huntsville, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Huntsville, AL was 97.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Huntsville, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Huntsville, AL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    325k ± 755
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    108k ± 1.13k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    18.5k ± 1.39k
5.51%
Hispanic Population
27.2k people

In 2022, there were 3.01 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (325k people) in Huntsville, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 108k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 18.5k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.51% of the people in Huntsville, AL are hispanic (27.2k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Huntsville, AL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    45,935 ± 5,238 people
  2. Guatemala
    15,043 ± 3,007 people
  3. India
    10,012 ± 2,454 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 45,935 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 15,043 and India with 10,012.

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Foreign-Born Population

5.14%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
25.4k people
5.15%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
24.9k people

As of 2022, 5.14% of Huntsville, AL residents (25.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Huntsville, AL was 5.15%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Huntsville, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    14,104 ± 1,078
  2. Vietnam
    9,517 ± 597
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    8,101 ± 755

Huntsville, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.48 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Huntsville, AL employs 241k people. The largest industries in Huntsville, AL are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (33,641 people), Manufacturing (33,014 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (29,243 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($136,765), Public Administration ($102,669), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($92,159).

Males in Alabama have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,264. The income inequality in Alabama (measured using the Gini index) is 0.458, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

241k
2022 Value
± 4,537
3.15%
1 Year growth
± 2.61%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Huntsville, AL grew at a rate of 3.15%, from 234k employees to 241k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Huntsville, AL, are Management Occupations (25,114 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (23,998 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (20,778 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Huntsville, AL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

241k
2022 Value
± 4,537
3.15%
1 Year growth
± 2.61%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Huntsville, AL grew at a rate of 3.15%, from 234k employees to 241k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Huntsville, AL, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (33,641 people), Manufacturing (33,014 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (29,243 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Huntsville, AL, though some of these residents may live in Huntsville, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$60,891
Median earning men ± $2,619
$36,787
Median earning women ± $1,120

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($114,307), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($93,819), and Manufacturing ($70,636).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($82,280), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($57,917), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($43,558).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
2.1%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.13M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 2.1% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 11.2%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 4,230
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 2,691
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  3. 2,371
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Alabama went to Donald J. Trump with 62% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (36.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.08%).

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021
Katie Britt
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Huntsville, AL awarded 7,853 degrees. The student population of Huntsville, AL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 13,356 male students and 15,741 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Huntsville, AL are White (4,718 and 61.3%), followed by Black or African American (1,683 and 21.9%), Hispanic or Latino (364 and 4.73%), and Unknown (354 and 4.6%).

The largest universities in Huntsville, AL by number of degrees awarded are John C Calhoun State Community College (3,268 and 41.6%), University of Alabama in Huntsville (2,371 and 30.2%), and Athens State University (842 and 10.7%).

The most popular majors in Huntsville, AL are General Studies (1,707 and 21.7%), General Business Administration & Management (570 and 7.26%), and Manufacturing Engineering Technology (568 and 7.23%).

The median tuition costs in Huntsville, AL are $11,707 for private four year colleges, and $8,610 and $17,220 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Huntsville, AL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 71.8%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 28.6%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 29,097 (45.9% men and 54.1% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 29,097 students enrolled in Huntsville, AL, 45.9% men and 54.1% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 14,332 records, of which 49.9% were women and 50.1% men.

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Concentrations

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Huntsville, AL was General Business Administration & Management with 238 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Huntsville, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 3,268 degrees awarded
  2. 2,371 degrees awarded
  3. 842 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was John C Calhoun State Community College with 3,268 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 3,558 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Huntsville, AL, which is 0.828 times less than the 4,295 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 4,718 degrees mean that there were 2.8 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,683 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($11,707) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,758) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($2,325) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Measure

In 2022, 0.905% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.822% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.23M), Some college (913k), and Secondary Education (625k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Huntsville, AL was $240,400 in 2022, which is 0.853 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $199,000 to $240,400, a 20.8% increase. The homeownership rate in Huntsville, AL is 69.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Huntsville, AL have an average commute time of 22.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Huntsville, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Huntsville, AL is $78,521. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Huntsville, AL was Shelby County, AL with a value of $90,618, followed by Limestone County, AL and Madison County, AL, with respective values of $80,146 and $78,058.

Property

$240,400
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,435
$138,513
Median Property Taxes
±$2,982

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Huntsville, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Huntsville, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

69.9%
Homeownership
2022
65.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 69.9% of the housing units in Huntsville, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Huntsville, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Huntsville, AL was Shelby County, AL with a value of $90,618, followed by Limestone County, AL and Madison County, AL, with respective values of $80,146 and $78,058.

The following map shows all of the counties in Huntsville, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$78,521
Median Household Income
± $2,064
198k
Number of Households
± 3,930

In 2022, the median household income of the 198k households in Huntsville, AL grew to $78,521 from the previous year's value of $71,057.

The following chart displays the households in Huntsville, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Huntsville, AL is from Alabama.
0.458
2022 Wage GINI in Alabama
0.458
2021 Wage GINI in Alabama

In 2022, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.458 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0777% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (80.9%)
  2. Worked At Home (10.7%)
  3. Carpooled (6.29%)

In 2022, 80.9% of workers in Huntsville, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (10.7%) and those who carpooled to work (6.29%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Huntsville, AL have a shorter commute time (22.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.19% of the workforce in Huntsville, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Huntsville, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Huntsville, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Huntsville, AL have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

10.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Huntsville, AL (51.7k out of 479k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Huntsville, AL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

92.1% of the population of Huntsville, AL has health coverage, with 53.1% on employee plans, 10.2% on Medicaid, 10.9% on Medicare, 15% on non-group plans, and 2.85% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Alabama see 1519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.978% decrease from the previous year (1534 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2026 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 846 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
1,519 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Alabama

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.978% decrease from the previous year (1,534 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.4% under 18 years, 21.7% between 18 and 34 years, 39.5% between 35 and 64 years, and 15.3% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.1% were men and 51.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

7.89%
Uninsured
53.1%
Employer Coverage
10.2%
Medicaid
10.9%
Medicare
15%
Non-Group
2.85%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Huntsville, AL declined by 2.74% from 8.12% to 7.89%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Huntsville, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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